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Dersingham Folk
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Joshua Freeman - Farmer of Dersingham
Elizabeth Fiddick
with supporting research by Mike Strange ©

Joshua Freeman
Susan Freeman née Tingey
Joshua Freeman was born on the 3rd of July 1805 in Swanton Morley near Dereham.  On the 31st of May 1832 he married Susan Tingey the daughter of Thomas Tingey and Susan Roberson in Scoulton.  Susan was born on 3rd October 1811 in Scoulton, a small village not far from Swanton Morley.  Joshua was 32 at the time and must have already built up a good farming enterprise at Hall Farm  Bylaugh close to Bawdeswell.  It was here that his son Joshua was born in 1834, followed by daughter Susan Tingey on 26th May 1836.
Thomas Tingey - Nov 1851, aged 84
It was in September of the year 1836 that Joshua sold all the farm stock by auction.  The following is the newspaper announcement.
Near Bawdeswell, Norfolk

560 sheep and lambs, 20 bullocks, 12 Cart horses, two cows, 10 head of Swine, farming carriages, Implements &c
Without the least Reservation
On Monday 26th and Tuesday 27th of September 1836
      All the valuable CART HORSES & MARES, homebred bullocks, Sheep lambs, Agricultural Carriages, Implements in Husbandry and other Effects the property of MR. JOSHUA FREEMAN

      The live stock consists of 140 half-bred Leicester shearlings, fit for the butcher, 140 do.  forward in condition, 60 half-bred Down and Norfolk shearlings, forward in condition, 20 half-bred Down and Norfolk crones, 20 Norfolk crones, 160 Capital half-bred Leicester lambs. 20 half-bred Down and Norfolk wether lambs, a pure bred South-down ram, 18 three year old homebred steers, and two ditto heifers, 12 useful young cart horses  and mares, two capital young Norfolk black and white cows and 10 large shoats.

      The farming carriages, Implements etc comprises two good road wagons, three harvest waggons, two hermaphrodites, three muck tumbrils, turnip cart, square luggage cart, cup corn drill machine, water cask funnel and jet, two horse drag rakes with screw teeth, jointed barley roll, four two-horse wheel plough, two double-breasted ploughs, one eradicating plough, two pair of five balk heavy harrows, one pair of seven balked quick do. Sheep troughs,  bullock and straw bins several sets of good cart and plough harness, about 21 dozen hurdles, lot of old iron, long and short ladders, three milk leads and churn, forks ,rakes, etc.

      Also a hooded chaise complete in good preservation.

      Particulars will be shown in Catalogues to be had at King’s Arms Dereham Neighbourhood and place of sale; at the Auctioneers’ Office Swaffham: and Mr. Seppings Office, No. 1 Furnival Inn, Holborn London.

      Order of Sale:  First Day.  All the sheep and lambs, Homebreds, part of the farming carriages and Implements, Hooded Chaise and some harness.

      Second Day.  All the cart horses cows, swine, hurdles, remaining carriages, implements and harness.
Sale to commence each morning at eleven o’clock with Implements and refreshments will be provided for Company previous to the sale of any livestock.

From this report it was obviously a substantial enterprise and just reading through the article gives you a good idea of Joshua’s expertise, the type of farm and way of life.  It was a mixed farm and no doubt Joshua employed several workers to work the fields and animals.   I can imagine Joshua and his young wife travelling about in that hooded chaise.

Thus it was some time shortly after that that Joshua, Susan and their two young children arrived here in Dersingham to take up the tenancy of Church Farm.  He was to hold that tenancy for the next 48 years.

The farm was part of the Sandringham Estate.  In 1836 the estate had been bought by John Motteux  for £76,000 who thus became Joshua’s landlord.  John Motteux actually never lived there and on his death left it to Hon. Charles Spencer Cowper the stepson of the Prime Minister Lord Palmerstone.
On the Tithe Map of 1839 the numbers 74 and 75 depict the farmhouse, buildings and garden Joshua occupied behind the church.  He also had a house, yards and pasture on the right of Manor Road a short walk from Sandringham Hill.  He occupied many acres of arable land on both sides of Ling House Road.  Some way up on the left of that road was a Field Barn and yard with a large area of pasture; it can still be seen there today. Further arable land was situated on both sides of Sherborne Road whilst he also occupied several acres of Marsh.  The area numbered 138 on the tithe map that today is the extension to the graveyard built in 1935  was at that time pasture.  The area numbered 140, also pasture, is described as the site of the old  vicarage which had fallen into such a state of disrepair that John Pell the Lord of the Manor in the late seventeenth century ordered it to be pulled down.  He objected to such a ruin directly opposite the entrance to his fine house which used to stand near the area 74.  Both areas were part of Joshua’s tenancy.  He also occupied further Glebe land, Cherrytree Breck, and an allotment, both large plots of arable land on the right of Ling House Road opposite the track to the Field Barn.

When Joshua arrived here the population of the village was about 606.  By the time he left in 1883 that had risen to 1014.  He would have been witness to many changes. When he arrived Mary Ann Brett was living in Dersingham Hall, James Fitt was the corn Miller, Robert Fox was farming at Hill House.  George Chadwick, Robert Hunt , Richard Stanton and John Smith at Ling House were other farmers with whom he was soon no doubt on good terms. He would have used the services of John and James Frost the village blacksmiths and perhaps bought wildfowl from Old George Skelton the Decoy man.  His mail would have been dealt with by Isaac Bunn.  There were just three public houses The Dun Cow, The Cock and The Coach and Horses which no doubt were frequented if not by himself then by many of his employees. (A note from Dick Melton is at the end of this article)

As the years went by he would have witnessed the coming of the railway (1862) , the building of the new school at the bottom of Doddshill 1875 , the refurbishment of the hitherto dilapidated church and the building of a new Vicarage in 1877. He would have watched as Theodore Jannoch established and developed  his nationally  famous Lily Nursery at Brandenburg House, (now Lane End).  I am sure he and his wife and daughters would have become good friends of Theodore and Mary his wife.  More importantly he would have shared the village excitement with the arrival of The Prince of Wales at Sandringham, who became his new landlord.  The village grew remarkably quickly once the Royal family had arrived and they were very much involved in the life of the village. The Prince often visited the Lily Nursery and as a tenant I am sure Joshua would have had many dealings with the Royal Family.

Joshua’s family continued to grow and in 1838 another daughter Emma was born and christened in the church.  A son, John Tingey, was born in 1840 and then Frederick in 1841.  Three years later,1844, Ellen was born and Mary Jane completed the family in 1847.  All were baptised in St. Nicholas Church.  Vicars, Edward Bellamy, B.D., William Tylden M.A., and Edward William Penney would have known the whole family very well.

The 1851 census records the family now well established in the village.  Joshua aged 44, is described as a farmer occupying 1300 acres employing 30 outdoor labourers.  His wife Susan is now 38, and the children Joshua, 16, John 10, Frederick 9, Ellen 6,and  Mary Jane 4 are all listed.   Elizabeth Allen is employed as a governess and 4 servants, Joyce Davis, Ann Ringer, Susanna Sparham and George Belsen serve the household.

In the 1861 census Joshua is recorded as farming 1500 acres and employing 39 men and 28 boys.  The farm is obviously thriving.  Susan, 24, Emma 22, John 21, described as Farmer’s son and Ellen 16 are all living at home.  There is no record for Joshua or Frederick in this census for Dersingham.  Ann Walton is a house maid, Susan Bond, Dairy maid and cook, Sarah Adcock, under housemaid  with Sarah (Ringer) 15, a girl in training completing the household.

The 1860s and 70s were significant decades for Joshua and Susan Freeman.  On the 27th June 1866 Mary Jane married William Peddie Lockhart .  He was born in 1836 in Fife.  They moved away from Dersingham and are recorded in 1871 at St. Bride’s, Lancashire and in 1881 & 91 at Toxteth Park Lancashire.  William died there on 15th August 1893.  Mary Jane is recorded in 1911 at Woodhall Spa.  She died on the 30 January 1933 and was buried in Liverpool.

John Tingey Freeman who was living at Ashford Manor, Middlesex, married Charlotte Elizabeth Gahagan (nee Oakes) on 6th February 1867 at All Saints Paddington.  Charlotte was born 27th April 1836 in Bangalore, Madras, India.

They lived at Saham Toney not so far from Bylaugh.  They had seven children Walter, Charles, Horace, Alfred, Adela Charlotte, Florence and Francis John.   Francis John was born in 1876 and less than a year later John Tingey died and was buried in Saham Toney.  So Charlotte aged 41, was left a widow with 7 children after just ten years of marriage.  She died 14th April 1923 in Ealing.
Probate record for John Tingey Freeman
Effects under £9,000.

8 June.  The Will with a Codicil of John Tingey Freeman late of Saham Toney in the County of Norfolk Farmer who died 15 April 1877 at Saham Toney was proved at Norwich by Joshua Freeman of Dersingham in the said County the Father and Thomas Allday Barton of Carbrooke in the said County Farmers, two of the Executors.
Ellen married  Archibald Black Gullan on the 18th August 1869 in Dersingham.  No doubt there were celebrations aplenty at Church Farm. The records suggest that Ellen moved away as she died in Liverpool in 1936.  It is possible that she had joined her sister Mary Jane who also lived in the area and was buried in Liverpool in 1933.
Ellen Freeman
Joshua the eldest son is recorded at Manor Farm Ashford Middlesex in 1861.  His younger brother is also recorded there,( see the marriage announcement.)  But sometime after that Joshua emigrated to New Zealand as he is recorded as marrying Catherine Bregman, daughter of George Bregman and Catherine Shepherd in Drury, Auckland, New Zealand on 2nd May 1870. She was born on Great Barrier Island, Auckland in 1844.   They had two daughters, Nellie born c. 1871 and Susan Amelia c. 1871.  Tragedy struck the family as Joshua died in Drury, Auckland  on 2nd May 1872 leaving his wife of 28 with two very young  children.

It must have been so distressing when Joshua and Susan at home in Dersingham eventually heard the news.  They had lost two of their sons in such a short time.

About 1868 Joshua purchased house and land from Robert Elwes and The Prince of Wales.  The house is now known as Beck House.  These details were discovered in a conveyance held by the present owners of Mecklenburg House when that property was bought from Robert Elwes by Henry Elwes at the same time. (See article on 88 Chapel Road.) At the time the property Joshua bought. was a working farm tenanted by one Emanuel Boothby.   Farm buildings occupied the site now covered by the Red Pumps Garage and arable and pasture land stretched behind it.

The youngest son Frederick married Fanny Marshall, daughter of James Robert Marshall, on 24th December, 1881, at St. George’s Bloomsbury Middlesex.  In 1881 he and Fanny are recorded living in Hackney.  They had three children; Mary, born 1882 in Clapton, Blanche 1886 and Elizabeth 1888. Frederick died in 1924.

So as we get 1881 Joshua is now 75 years old and his wife Susan71 living at The Manor House. With his two older sons having died and Ellen, Mary Jane and Frederick all married and living elsewhere just  daughters Susan 44, and Emma 42 both unmarried are living at home.  Joshua is described as farming 1300 acres, employing 45 men and boys and 5 women.  They have three domestic servants, Maria Benstead, Deborah Easter and Emma Wyer.

Two years later Joshua has taken the decision that the time had come to retire and so the sale of all his stock at Manor Farm was advertised.  On the day in question a luncheon was set out in the large barn and 400 people sat down to enjoy it.  Numerous toasts were proposed and drunk and if you read through the following account you get a good idea of the high esteem in which Joshua and his family were held.   The final remarks by the auctioneer are very interesting indeed as they reveal that over the last few years farming had been going through a very difficult time resulting in many farms selling up.  The auctioneer hopes that perhaps now farmers would be able to “weather the storm”.
Sale of Mr. Joshua Freeman’s Stock at Dersingham
There was a large gathering at Dersingham on Wednesday when the whole of Mr. Joshua Freeman’s stock was brought under the hammer of Messrs. Senter and Simpson.  Mr. Freeman has been a tenant of Sandringham Estate for 48 years and is well known as a successful agriculturalist and stock breeder, and he carries with him into his retirement the respect and esteem of the community of Norfolk farmers and breeders.  A luncheon was set out in the large barn. About 400 persons sat down to the repast under the Presidency of Lieut.-General Sir Dighton  Probyn.* The toast of “The Queen” was from the chair.

Mr. H. C. Bonner proposed the “The Health of HRH The Prince of Wales”   They were assembles on the Sandringham Estate and it was an honour to drink the health of His Royal Highness the first gentleman and the most popular man in the Kingdom. (Hear! Hear!)  It was his pleasure to propose his health as the owner of the soil and every person who occupied under His Royal Highness must feel honoured by being placed in such a position.  (Cheers)

Sir Dighton Probyn said he was sorry for the Prince of Wales, he was sorry for Mr. Freeman, he was sorry for them all that His Royal Highness was not there that day to return thanks to the company for the cordial; manner in which they had responded to the toast so kindly proposed by Mr. Bonner.   He was especially sorry that he was not there to propose the toast which he had now to give them.  Mr. Freeman had been on that farm for forty-eight years (applause) and as an agriculturalist, as a sportsman, and as a gentleman it would be hard to beat Mr. Freeman. (Hear! Hear!)  He was sure everybody present would miss not only Mr. Freeman but he knew from personal experience and from what he had heard from others that Mrs. Freeman and her daughter would all be equally missed, especially by the poor of the Parish. (Hear! Hear!)   They lost by the removal from Dersingham, but the people of Blackheath would gain by their presence.  They all wished them long life, health and happiness.  (Applause)

The toast was drunk with cheers.

Mr. H. C. Bonner** said he had been asked to return thanks for the toast.  He hardly knew how to express to Sir Dighton Probyn in Mr. Freeman’s name, the thanks due to him for the very kind way in which he had spoken of Mr. Freeman’s family and to the gentlemen present for the kind way in which they had received the toast. Mr. Freeman felt the fact that he was leaving the old farm where he had lived for 48 years very much indeed. Mr. Bonner then said he had the pleasurable task of asking them to fill a bumper to the health of Sir Dighton Probyn. (Cheers)  for his great kindness in attending to preside upon the occasion of an old tenant leaving the estate of His Royal Highness. He was sure everyone must be gratified that they were there under the Presidency of a gentleman whom everyone esteemed.  (Cheers)

Sir  D. Probyn briefly returned thanks and proposed “The health of the incoming tenant Mr. Tingey.”  (Cheers)  When he heard Mr. Freeman was going to leave he felt that he did not know where he should find his equal; but now he felt that if his equal was to be found in Norfolk they had found him in Mr. Tingey, and he could tell them how glad he felt that the gentleman was the incoming tenant. (Applause)

Mr. Tingey said he was extremely obliged for the manner in which his friends had received the toast to his health.  He hoped when he was sold up they would turn up in as large numbers and with as much money in their pockets as they had that day and that he might be able to bring under their notice as useful a lot of stock as Mr. Freeman would do that afternoon.

Captain Blyth*** proposed “The Health of Mr. Simpson the Auctioneer”.  He had often been asked how it was that Mr. Simpson could such large assemblies at the sales he conducted.  He could give one good reason.  Mr. Simpson was so well known that he had gained their confidence. (Applause)

Mr. Simpson responded.  He said he wished to express his gratitude first of all to Mr. Freeman for giving him the privilege of being his auctioneer on that occasion and to Sir Dighton Probyn for the honour he had done them in occupying the chair. (Applause)   For himself he had very little to say.  If his conduct had secured their confidence he was very thankful and he trusted that so long as he was spared to carry on the somewhat onerous duties of his business he should retain the same confidence. (Applause)   He was sorry they were called there that day because they were losing an old friend and neighbour, but he was sure Mr. Freeman would be gratified by such a large attendance. Before sitting down he had permission to propose “Success to Agriculture” a toast in which they were deeply interested. He was glad to say that the services of such men as himself were less required this season than for the last three or four years. (Hear! Hear!)  and he hoped they might look up[on it as a good omen.   If they got under such landlords as The Prince of Wales and several other Norfolk landlords who met opposition manfully-(Applause) – and if they put their shoulders to the wheel themselves he did not see any fear but they would weather the storm. (Hear! Hear!)  He coupled with the toast he name of Mr. Bonner.  (Applause)

Mr. Bonner briefly replied and the company then again proceeded to the ring and the sale of horses was commenced.
(Lieut-General Sir Dighton Probyn*  (1833 -1924). VC GCB GCSI GCVO ISO PC  served with distinction in the British Army.  He was the first recipient of the VC during the Indian Mutiny.  1877-91 he became Treasurer and Comptroller to the Prince of Wales. He was Keeper of the Privy Purse to Edward V11 and Extra Equerry.  He spent his final years at Sandringham House where he died, 20th June 1924. He was buried in Kensal Green Cemetery London.

Henry Calthrop Bonner**  was a farmer from East Rudham.  He was obviously a good friend of Joshua’s as he was involved in the transactions for the purchase of the “Dersingham Estate” (1868) and was named as an Executor of Joshua’s will.

Captain William D’Urban Blyth J.P.***  lived at Hill House in Dersingham;  he was born in Weasenham  Norfolk . He joined the  14th Light Dragoons in India in 1847 and served throughout the Punjaub Campaigns and many others without ever being wounded.  On retiring he lived first at Weasenhall Hall and then Hill House Dersingham where he died on April 21st 1885 aged 59.

In 1890 Joshua drew up his initial will (Codicils were subsequently added) and it is from this that we learn that learn he intended to  transfer, to his daughter Susan Tingey Freeman, the  “estate in Dersingham”.

“after providing for the several legacies annuity duties I direct the division of the same into five equal parts or shares one part thereof I give to my said daughter Susan Tingey Freeman after deducting therefrom for the benefit of the other four parts the sum of four thousand pounds which she has had the benefit of by my conveyance to her of the estate in Dersingham which I purchased of Robert Elwes Esq. and His Royal Highness,The Prince of Wales”.

He was already resident at 7, Vanbrugh Terrace, Blackheath, Greenwich, London and in the 1891 census was here with his wife Susan and daughter Susan.

I believe it was Susan herself who decided to name the house Blackheath Lodge.  In Kelly’s Directory of 1896 and 1900 we find that James Jackson is recorded as Dairyman and Farmer at Blackheath Lodge, a tenant of Miss Freeman.

In 1891 Emma Freeman is recorded as living at a  boarding house in Eastborne Sussex.

Joshua’s wife Susan died in 1893. Joshua himself died on the 7th February 1898.  Probate was granted to his daughter Susan, Henry Calthrop Bonner, farmer, and Charles Edward Greenwood Bank Manager. His effects amounted to £42350-18s-3d.  The equivalent today would be £5,625,800.  A full transcription of Joshua's Will is at the end of this article.

Susan left Vanbrugh Terrace and, having been joined by her sister Emma they appear together in the 1901 census at 19 Lee Terrace, Lewisham. At this time they had two servants from Dersingham Leah Patrick, aged 25, was Cook and Rhoda Grief, aged 24, was House Maid. by 1911 they had moved to the opposite end of the road to No 45 Lee Terrace; their servants then were from other parts of Norfolk but it is interesting that they maintained links with the County. They were still here up to 1922 when it was at this address that Susan died. The road comprised many different handsome houses. Sadly, many were destroyed during bombing raids in WW2 so numbering cannot be relied on  In the Kelly’s Directories from 1908 to 1916 Miss Freeman is recorded as a resident of Blackheath Lodge with James Jackson still running his farming business from there also.  Although neither of the sisters were in Dersingham for the 1901 or 1911 census they hopefully visited on occasions from their London homes

Emma died in 1913 at Maidstone Kent. Susan died on the 31st January 1922.  The property at Blackheath Lodge was sold previously but now the last link of the Freeman family with Dersingham was finally broken.
7 Vanbrugh Terrace
Acknowledgement to Google for the StreetView image)
The Family of Joshua Freeman 1805-1898

JOSHUA FREEMAN was born on 03 Jul 1805 in Swanton Morley, Norfolk. He died on 25 Feb 1898 in 7 Vanburgh Terrace, Blackheath, Greenwich, London. He married Susan TINGEY, daughter of Thomas Tingey and Susan ROBINSON, on 31 May 1832 in Scoulton, Norfolk. She was born on 03 Oct 1811 in Scoulton, Norfolk. She died on 17 May 1893 in Greenwich, London.  Joshua FREEMAN and Susan TINGEY had the following seven children:

1. JOSHUA FREEMAN was born on 28 Dec 1834 in Bylaugh, Norfolk. He died on 02 May 1872 in Drury, Auckland, New Zealand. He married Catherine 'Kate' Bregmen, daughter of George BREGMEN and Catherine SHEPPARD, in 1870 in New Zealand. She was born on 10 Dec 1844 in Great Barrier Island, Auckland, New Zealand. She died on 29 Jun 1921 in Auckland, New Zealand.

2. SUSAN TINGEY FREEMAN was born on 26 May 1836 in Bylaugh, Norfolk. She died d.s.p. on 27 Jan 1922 in Kent.

3. EMMA FREEMAN was born in 1838 in Dersingham Norfolk. She died in Jul 1913 in Maidstone, Kent.

4. JOHN TINGEY FREEMAN was born in 1840 in Dersingham, Norfolk, England. He died on 15 Apr 1877 in Norfolk. He married Charlotte Elizabeth OAKES on 06 Feb 1867 in All Saints, Paddington. She was born on 27 Apr 1836 in Bangalore, Madras, India. She died on 14 Apr 1923 in Ealing, Middlesex. John and Charlotte had the following seven children:
i. WALTER OAKES3 FREEMAN was born about 1869 in Ashford, Middlesex
ii. CHARLES E FREEMAN was born about 1870 in Saham Toney, Norfolk
iii. HORACE FREEMAN was born on 11 Nov 1871 in Saham, Norfolk, England. He died on 03 Dec 1911 in Middlesex.
iv. ALFRED FREEMAN was born about 1873 in Saham, Norfolk
v. ADELA CHARLOTTE FREEMAN was born about 1873 in Saham, Norfolk, England. She died on 03 Mar 1942 in Kent
vi. FLORENCE FREEMAN was born about 1875 in Saham Toney, Norfolk.
vii. FRANCIS JOHN FREEMAN was born about 1876 in Saham, Norfolk.

5. FREDERICK FREEMAN was born in 1841 in Dersingham, Norfolk. He died on 22 Dec 1923 in Hertfordshire. He married Fanny Knight, daughter of Thomas Knight and Mary Ann Tingey, on 24 Dec 1891 in St George, Bloomsbury, Middlesex. She was born in Dec 1847 in Enfield, Middlesex. Frederick and Fanny had the following seven children:
i.   DAVID3 FREEMAN was born in 1877 in USA.
ii.  JOHN FREEMAN was born in 1878 in Tottenham, [Edmonton], Middlesex. He died on 06 Jan 1937 in Waltham Cross, Hertfordshire. He married RACHEL GRANT on 19 May 1908 in Vernon, British Columbia, Canada. She was born in Nov 1875 in Straits, Settlement. She died on 11 Sep 1967 in Enfield, Greater London
iii. RUTH FREEMAN was born in 1880 in Midlands, Tottenham. She died in 1904 in Edmonton, Middlesex.
iv. STEPHEN FREEMAN was born in 1882 in Clapton, London, England. He died on 16 Mar 1965 in Vernon, British Columbia, Canada.
v. MARY FREEMAN was born about 1882 in Clapton,
vi. BLANCHE FREEMAN was born about 1886 in Clapton. She died in Dec 1972 in Ware, Hertfordshire
vii. ELIZABETH FREEMAN was born about 1888 in Clapton.

6. ELLEN FREEMAN was born on 30 May 1844 in Dersingham, Norfolk. She died on 31 Dec 1935 in Lancashire. She married Archibald Black GULLAN on 18 Aug 1869 in Dersingham, Norfolk. He was born on 01 Sep 1839 in Glasgow. He died in Oct 1875 in Glamorgan, West Glamorgan.

7. MARY JANE FREEMAN was born in 1847 in Dersingham, Norfolk, England. She died in 1933 in Liverpool, Lancashire, England. She married William Peddie LOCKHART, son of William LOCKHART and Elizabeth PEDDIE, on 27 Jun 1866 in
Norfolk, England. He was born in 1836 in Fife, Scotland. He died on 12 Aug 1893 in Liverpool, Lancashire, England.

The Will of Joshua Freeman 1805-1898
(Note that wills contained no punctuation and this has been transcribed as the original)

THIS IS THE LAST WILL AND TESTAMENT  of me Joshua Freeman late of Dersingham in the County of Norfolk and now of No 7 Vanbrugh Terrace Blackheath in the County of Kent Gentleman I appoint my daughter Susan Tingey Freeman and Henry Calthorp Bonner of East Rudham in the said County of Norfolk Gentleman and John Weatherley of No 51 Gordon Square in the County of Middlesex Gentleman EXECUTORS AND TRUSTEES of this my will and I give to each of them the said Henry Calthorp Bonner and John Weatherley  the sum of forty pounds as some acknowledgement of their services as executors I give to the treasurer for the time being of the West Norfolk and Lynn Hospital the sum of fifty pounds to be applied by him to the purposes of no that institution and I give to my dear wife the sum of four thousand pounds for her own absolute use and to my son Frederic I give the sum of one thousand five hundred pounds and to Miles Lines the younger late in my service at Dersingham the sum of five pounds and I give to Susan Amelia the daughter of my late son Joshua Freeman an annuity, or yearly sum of forty pounds payable half yearly until she shall attain the age of twenty one years to be paid by my said-executors and trustees as they shall deem necessary And after she shall attain the said age then I direct that the said annuity shall cease and in lieu thereof I give to her the sum of five hundred Pounds absolutely And I direct that all the before mentioned legacies are to be paid free of duty And I give all my furniture plate linen wearing apparel and household effects to my two daughters Susan Tingey Freeman and Emma Freeman to be equally divided between them And as to all the rest residue and remainder of my property after payment of my debts funeral and testamentary expenses and after providing for the several legacies annuity and duties I direct the division of the same into equal parts or shares one part thereof I give to my said daughter Susan Tingey Freeman after deducting therefrom for the benefit of the other four parts the sum of four thousand pounds which she has had the benefit of by my conveyance to her of the estate in Dersingham which I purchased of Robert Elwes Esqre and His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales one other fifth part thereof I give to my daughter Emma Freeman one other fifth part thereof I give equally between all the children of my late son John Tingey Freeman one other fifth part I give to my daughter Ellen the widow of Archibald Black Gullan and the remaining fifth part thereof I give to my daughter Mary Jane the wife of William Peddie Lockhart Provided always that as regards the share so as aforesaid bequeathed to the children of my said late son John Tingey Freeman I direct my executers to pay the same to the trustees of his will whose receipt shall be a full discharge to my executors And with regard to investments of property existing at my death it shall not be imperative on my executors to sell and convert the same into money for the purposes of the division of my property herein before directed but at the request or with the consent of one or more parties who are legatees hereunder one or more existing  investments may be appropriated discharged or part discharge of benefits accruing under the before mentioned bequests at the sole discretion in all respects of my executors and trustees And lastly I hereby revoke all former wills and codicils by me made and do declare this to be my 1ast will and testament in WITNESS whereof I have to this my 1ast will and testment containd in two sheets of paper set my hand this twenty ninth day of one thousand eith hundred and ninety JOSHUA FREEMAN  SIGNED by the said testator Joshua Freethan and for his last will and testament in the presence of us present at the same time who at his request in his presence and in the presence of each other have hereunto subscribed our names as witnesses - JOHN T MARSHALL 26 Theobalds Road Grays In Solrs -  JAMES H JESSEMAN Clerk to Messrs T & G  Marshall 26 Theobalds Road, Grays Inn W.C. Solrs

T H I S  I S  A  C O D I C I L to the last will and testement of JOSHUA FREEMAN No7 Vanbrugh  Terrace Blackheath in the County of Kent Gentleman which will bears the date the 29t day of May 1890 WHEREAS by my said will I have given to Susan Amelia the daughter of my late son Joshua Freeman the sum of five hundred pounds absolutely on her attaining the age of 21 years AND whereas since the date of my said will she has become the wife of John Christopher Holland AND WHEREAS she will attain the age of 21 years during the present month and whereas it is my intention to remit to her the sum of four hundred pounds Now I hereby revoke the gift of the said sum of five hundred pounds to as aforesaid given to the said Susan Amelia the daughter of my said late son and in all other respects I confirm my said will IN WITNESS whereof I have hereunto set my hand this eleventh day of May 1892 -JOSHUA FREEMAN - SIGNED by the said testator Joshua Freeman as and for a codicil to his last will and testament in the presence of us present at the same time who at his request in his presence and in the presence of each other have hereunto subscribed our names as witnesses - WALTER AUBREY KIDD 12 Montpelier Row Blackheath Medical Practitioner - CHAS STONE Solr 5 Finsbury Circus.

T H I S  I S  A  S E C O N D C O D I C I L
The executor named Joseph Weatherley died so Joshua appointe Charles Edward Greenwood of 112 Cannon Street in the City of London Gentleman in his stead.
Dated 14 September 1892.
Witnessed by H E RUMNEY London & Provincial Bank Blackheath Bank Manager and A H HEINIG London and Provincial Bank Ltd (Clerk) Blackheath

T H I S  I S  A  T H I R D  C O D I C I L
Joshua revokes his gift of £1500 to his son Frederick (in the will named Frederic) and bequeaths to his daughter in law Fanny Freeman, Frederick's wife, a legacy of £2000 "for her separate and absolute use".
Dated 10th July 1893
Witnessed by Chas Stone Solicitor 5 Finsbury Circus and Cecilia E Stone 6 Vanbrugh Terrace Blackheath Spinster

T H I S  I S  A  F O U R T H  C O D I C I L
Joshua said he became anxious that if he should predecease Fanny Freeman in the fourth codicil  that her legacy of £2000 would lapse so he made the condition that should that happen then the legacy of £2000 should instead be paid to his daughter Mary Lockhart to be held in trust for the children of his dauhter in law Fanny Freeman and to be divided equally when they attained the age of 21.
Dated 18th January 1895
Witnessed by H E RUMNEY London & Provincial Bank Blackheath Bank Manager and T O Master London and Provincial Bank Ltd (Clerk) Blackheath

T H I S  I S  A  F I F T H  C O D I C I L  to the last will and testament of me JOSHUA FREEMAN of No 7 Vanbrugh Terrace Blackheath Kent which will bears date the twenty ninth day of May one thousand eight hundred and ninety I direct that with respect to the share of my estate to which my grandson Alfred Freeman may become entitled as one of the children of my late son John Tingey Freeman under the bequest contained in my will the same shall not be paid to the executors of the will of my late son .John Tingey Freeman as directed by my will but the same shall be paid and transferred to my daughter Susan Tingey Freeman Upon trust to pay and apply both income and capital at such times and from time to time and in such manner in all respects as she shall think fit for the benefit of the said Alfred Freeman and while holding any part of the capital she is to be at liberty to invest in any mode of investment she may think fit And I declare that as to all or any of the shares of the other children of my said son John Tingey Freeman which by my will I have directed to be paid to the executors of my said son the same may if my executors think fit so to do be paid by my executors to such children respectively instead of being paid to the executors of my said son and if any share or shares be paid to such last mentioned executors the same shall be held by them in trust for the child or children in respect of whom it was so paid.
Dated 19th March 1897.
Witnessed by CHAS STONE Solr 5 Finsbury Circus and CECILIA E STONE 6 Vanbrugh Terrace Blackheath S.E. Spinster

ON the 18th day of March 1898 Probate of this will with five codicils thereto was granted to Susan Tingey Freeman Spinster and Henry Calthrop Bonner and Charles Edward Greenwood the Executors.
Note from Dick Melton
In 1883 there was also the White Horse built 1858, Albert Victor built 1868 and Alexandra Hotel built 1869. But in 1883 these three were classed as beer houses as they never had a full licence. As time went by all three had a full licence to sell wine and spirits as well as beer, when my great uncle, Tom Drew, kept the Albert Victor he never had a full licence until after 1925.